Gas is in our DNA. After all, we have long been committed to our product natural gas – which is increasingly gaining in importance. As the cleanest fossil fuel, natural gas fills the gap left by coal and nuclear power when insufficient energy is available from solar, hydropower and wind.
Natural gas is the sustainable solution for a secure energy future
Why gas and why now?
Overall gas demand is expected to level off by 2030. The changeover from coal to gas will yield growth potential of around 40 billion cubic meters. And so gas will overtake oil in the European energy mix. Production decreases in Europe will require additional gas imports – both by pipeline and from LNG. Our procurement strategy is clearly focused on these future challenges: through investments in pipeline projects like Nord Stream 2 and by expanding our LNG activities.
With a natural gas vehicle, you can at once reduce:
A natural gas vehicle has the same kilometre range as a diesel-powered car, costs about the same and takes the same amount of time to be refueled – for half the price at around 130 gas stations in Austria. (Gas station overview – Available in German only)
So there are enough reasons to switch to a natural gas vehicle right now.
In the beginning, there were gas-powered vehicles
- The Otto engine was originally designed for the use of gas, which is why gas-powered vehicles differ only slightly from conventional gasoline-powered vehicles: the differences lie in the tank – gas must be transported in cylinders – and the fuel supply. It is precisely for this reason that a natural gas vehicle runs on both fuels and has a range of over 1,000 kilometres.
- Gas-powered vehicles run on the same safe and environmentally friendly gas that is used for cooking or heating.
- In order for there to be enough room for a sufficient amount of energy in the tanks of cars and utility vehicles, the gas is compressed to approximately 200 bar during the refuelling process, i.e. densified – hence the name: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). HGVs and ships run on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) which is natural gas that has been cooled down to a temperature of -162°C. It requires 1/600 of the original volume as it liquefies through the freezing process.
Read more on the OMV blog: Getting around with natural gas
Commercial vehicles and trucks powered by natural gas (CNG) are already on our roads – with one tank of fuel they reach practically the same ranges as diesel-powered vehicles – and ensure that goods reach their destination in an environmentally friendly way. They generate almost no particulates and emit 15% less CO2 as well as being up to 50% quieter than conventional diesel trucks. With liquefied natural gas (LNG), even higher ranges can be achieved.
Even better than reducing CO2 output, of course, is to drive CO2–neutral – this will be possible in the near future with bio-methane and hydrogen.
Gas is ideal for budget-conscious and eco-minded households:
- When comparing heating costs, gas can withstand the comparison with new buildings or heat pumps. Apart from the low acquisition costs, a total gas price of 7.2 Cents/kWh is very convincing in comparison to a total electricity price of 19.9 Cents/kWh (status as of 2nd half-year 2018).
- Compared to pellets, gas contributes significantly to the improvement in air quality:
97% less particulate emissions
Heating with gas reduces pollutants right now instead of some day. And a growing amount of biomethane in the gas network drives sustainability.
Read more on the OMV blog: Natural Gas: Safe supply, secure heat
- - 97% particulate emissions
- No heavy metal emissions of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb)
- - 98% volatile organic compounds without methane (NMVOC)
- - 97% heavy metal emissions of lead and mercury (Hg)
- - 97% sulphur dioxide (SO2)
- - 80% ammonia (NH3)
- - 73% carbon monoxide (CO)
- - 30% nitrogen oxides (NOx)
Relieve the climate of 330 million tonnes of CO2 right now – an EU-wide switch to gas and thus withdrawal from coal would make that possible.
Reduce CO2 by up to 50% right now.
The green alternative to coal-fired power plants would, of course, be renewable energies, but they are not adequately developed yet and nobody can afford to wait for that to happen. Therefore: reduce CO2 by up to 50% right now. Gas-fired power plants make this possible and there are already enough of them today to supply Europe with electricity.
Coal, the energy of the past.
For centuries, coal ensured the basic needs of mankind. Simple pits were the precursors of the mines known today. When there was nothing to do agriculturally due to seasonal influences, the farmers would shovel for coal in these pits. With the end of the Middle Ages came the beginning of mining, which contributed significantly to the industrialisation.
The drawback of the coal boom – from production to combustion in power plants and industrial facilities – is the now tremendous damage to people and nature. The coal boom is considered a prime cause for the climate change.
Our ancestors didn’t know better. But today it should be: Coal? Never again!
The UK is the first to do it: the Coxit will be implemented shortly. Due to the introduction of a surcharge per tonne of CO2 emissions, coal-fired power plants are no longer economically viable. On the 21 April 2017, the 91st birthday of the Queen, the UK made it through a whole day without using coal-fired power for the first time since the 19th century. The last coal-fired power plant will be taken off the grid in 2025.
- The production of steel, metal, construction material, glass, paper and chemical products requires extremely high temperatures.
- The chlorine, ammonia, aluminium or ceramic derived therefrom are the basis for high-tech products such as those from the mobility, communication, digitisation and power industry sector, amongst others.
- Photovoltaics, wind power, electromobility and low energy buildings require modern high-performance construction materials, such as fibreglass, silicon or carbon. They then facilitate the emission-free generation of power and saving of energy for decades.
Produce emission-free now.
In the future, gas can provide climate-friendly support for energy-intensive production processes – with hydrogen, which is derived from the surplus energy of wind and solar power: this excess energy is used to split water (H2O) into hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) during the power-to-gas procedure.
Hydrogen is applied directly, but also used
- for the upgrading from crude oil to fuel,
- for the production of fuels with renewable components and
- in order to produce synthetic methane in combination with CO2: it is identical to natural gas and also climate-neutral. The storage and distribution is implemented via the infrastructure available today.
Apart from that, there is also the option of methane pyrolysis: once the temperature rises above 1,200°C, natural gas (CH4) breaks down into hydrogen (H2) and carbon (C). The advantages of hydrogen are obvious. But what should happen with the carbon? The trick is: it can be used as solid graphite – like a pencil lead.
Find more information on our B2B Natrual gas solutions here: OMV Gas
Natural gas is well-known, but gas also includes ...
- Biomethane which is derived from biomass – e.g. sewage sludge, plants or chicken manure – and refined to fuel-grade gas.
- Hydrogen can be generated by means of an electrolysis from water or a methane pyrolysis from natural gas and has the potential to lead the pack in the future.
- Synthetic methane is derived from the combination of hydrogen and CO2. When it is used, the previously extracted CO2 is released back into the atmosphere – a cycle following nature’s example.
Properties of natural gas
- Natural gas is a mix of gaseous substances. Approximately 97% of it is made up of pure methane (CH4). In the chemical industry, the latter is used as a raw material for the production of most different products, e.g. plant nutrients (fertilisers) and melanin. The rest consists of ethane, propane, butane and non-combustible materials like carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen (N2). Some natural gas reserves also contain small quantities of hydrogen sulphide (H2S).
- Natural gas is a primary energy, i.e. the energy from the natural product can be used directly without conversion.
- It is the most environmentally friendly of all fossile energy sources. Mostly steam and very low quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2) are formed during combustion.
Find more information in our blogs below
- What makes hydrogen green?
- Without OMV Gas there would be no NÖM milk and no NÖM yoghurt
- Two times one is one - ONE Aderklaa
- It's all over! Get set, go: Zero routine flaring
- Lots of holes and mature fields
- How and where are oil and gas formed?
- Core samples: An insight into depths of thousands of meters